Véménd/Wemend/Vemen, laying in Southern Hungary, near Mohács and the post-1920 Serbian border, was founded after the Ottoman destruction by the Serbs fleeing in 1690 from the south, and in 1748 it was increased by German settlers. Later Hungarian and Jewish families arrived at the village, and Romanian-speaking Gypsies from the southern forests settled in the Gypsy quarter. In 1900 it had 1882 German, 255 Serbian and 105 Hungarian-speaking inhabitants, German and Serbian schools, Catholic, Orthodox, Jewish and Calvinist cemeteries – it’s typical, that its sociography by Árpád Thiery was published with the title Véménd was a Babel. Among the different ethnic groups of the village, like in general in the former Southern Hungary, harmonious cooperation developed in the course of two centuries, they understood and used each other’s language, knew and appreciated each other’s traditions. This world started to fall apart precisely in World War I. After the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, almost all its Serbian inhabitants settled over the new border drawn in the neighborhood, the Jews were deported in 1944, the majority of the Germans after 1945, and their homes were given over to Székelys fleeing from Bukovina and to Hungarians exiled from Slovakia.
After the death of the teacher the photos laid for fifty more years in the museum store before the Museum of Ethnography in Budapest some months ago exhibited them. The museum staff also visited the descendants of the former families still living in Véménd, to ask them about the persons in the portraits and their later fate. From the images and the “thick descriptions” of the related remembrances emerges the hundred-year history of a community, full of vicissitudes.