Pink postcards 14

On 30 [Jan 1915]
Name of the sender: Károly Timó, 1st Infantry Regiment, 5th Battalion
Address of the sender: Francis Joseph Barracks, Kecskemét, Reservespital Nr. 9, Door 88

Address: To the honored Miss Antónia Zajác
3rd district, Kis-Korona Street 52

Previous letters (gray dots):

Dukla Pass, 11 January 1915
Felsőhunkóc, 4 January 1915
Sztropkó, 31 December 1914
Budapest, 23 December 1914
Budapest, 21 December 1914
Budapest, 11 December 1914
Budapest, 2 December 1914
Budapest, 28 November 1914
Budapest, 27 November 1914
Budapest, 18 November 1914
Budapest, 27 October 1914
Debrecen, 25 September 1914
Szerencs, 28 August 1914
My dear son
I write you these few lines in the hope of getting an answer, because now I am near Pest, that is, to you. I was so annoyed that I was not sent to a hospital in Pest, but in Kecskemét, and I will stay here until I get fully recovered.
How do you feel, my son, are you healthy? and your mother and sisters? What’s the news about Feri?
I feel pretty good, in comparison to the wound.
My son, I asked for some money from home, because I cannot even buy cigarettes. In case they do not receive my postcard, tell them so for sure, because I am looking forward to it with the returning post.
What’s the news otherwise in Pest?
In about two weeks I will be back home. Be patient.

Kisses and embraces from your loving Károly
My greetings to the people in the workshop.

[So that was it. It was not even a month ago that, just recovered from the first wound, he was commanded back to the front. Now he was wounded a second time. Protected by the caul of his good luck, this time he avoided the fatal bullet for the second time.
The höfers only give a general and brief description of the battles in the Carpathians. We can only infer when and where he was wounded. His postcard written on 11 January makes no reference to an impending cataclysm.

Barracks and Reservespital No. 9.

Counting back, it was at least one day since he got to the temporary field hospital set up in the Francis Joseph Barracks of Kecskemét. That time it was necessary for a train to carry wounded soldiers from the Carpathians to the great plains. And then the field ambulance and filter station, where – if they observed the rules – he had to wait five days. This was the prescribed time to separate the soldiers carrying infectious diseases from the otherwise healthy wounded. It can thus be assumed, that he could consider himself a lucky victim of the first act of the first Carpathian campaign launched after the severe winter (23 Jan – 20 Feb 1915), the battle of Czeremcha-Nagycsertész.

Imre Révész: Two Hungarians, 1915

The starting position is roughly delineated in the repeatedly cited memorial book of the regiment:

“During the fights of 1914, the Austrian-Hungarian army was so much cut back, that at the beginning of 1915 there were only 270 thousand weapons employed on the whole Russian theater of war, while the Russians had 400 thousand people alone in the Carpathians fighting against our 180 thousand soldiers. This situation had to be reckoned with in time, because our armies could not resist for long to a three- or fourfold superior force in passive defense. Thus our military leadership intended to paralyze the Russian forces by way of a large-scale attack launched together with the Germans, so that the latter attacked the Russian right wing from the north in Eastern Prussia, while the Austrian-Hungarian forces the left wing from the south in the Carpathians. These measures led to the famous Masurian Campaign on the German side, and to the Carpathian Winter Campaign at our side.”

“…on 23 January at 7 a.m. our regiment with four battalions and three machine-gun squads develops for an offensive at the northern edge of Nagycsertész, according to the allocated fighting range, with a view of the occupation of altitude Nr. 651 possessed by the enemy…”

So that “…the kind reader could sufficiently appreciate the excellent performance of the soldiers of the 1st Regiment in the battles fought on the basis of the above dispositions, we have to know about the ground features,, that the whole area had a permanent increase of 30% up to the Russian positions, and in the allocated fighting range there was a sparse pine forest only on the right wing, while the rest of the field was completely open, covered only at some spots with a few shrubs. The whole area was covered with 50 cm high snow, and the cold sank to -28 °C.”

The attack launched on 23 January “…was launched again on the 24th, but it could advance only 150-200 meters, because the machine guns cannot support the advancing troops, as the coolers of the machine guns freeze in the great cold. The gunfire of the enemy causes a many losses on this day…

…In the night, only black coffee, mulled wine, bread and ammunition could be brought to the front line. In the night of the 25th, it was snowing was so much, that the whole front line of the regiment was covered in snow, and the dead – who could not be brought down because of heavy enemy gunfire – were spread over with a white shroud by the thick snow of the Carpathians.”]

When, in this bleak struggle, he was shot by a sniper of the Siberian Infantry Regiment, Károly Timó somehow survived. He was carried down the mountain, his wound was healed in the conditions of the camp, and then he was delivered by train to Kecskemét. As to how this occurred, civilians can get some morbid idea from the books on military surgery by József PROCHOV and Elemér PAULIKOVICS.

What does a bullet hole look like, if it goes in one side and comes out the other? Or when it goes through the skull?

In- and output openings

The same on a skull

Temporary tools for carrying the wounded

Hospital, barracks and screening station behind the front

Pincers for removing the bullet in the body

Amputation of limbs (Not to be studied at length by more sensitive readers!)

Ambulance wagon

For the time being, speculation and doubt remain about Károly’s condition. If his hopes come true, and he gets to Budapest, then at least these uncertainties will be dispersed, whatever lies in the future for his loved ones, friends and colleagues in Óbuda.]

Russian graves near Nagycsertész. From Kornél Divald’s report of 1915.

Next postcard: 10 February 1915

3 comentarios:

MOCKBA dijo...

Elevation # 651 is probably "Hill 651" in military-speak. Like here:

Studiolum dijo...

You’re right. I change it.

Anónimo dijo...

I am curious about one aspect of the pink postcards. While most seem to be written in fountain pen, some seem to be written in pencil. But is this ordinary pencil or the indelible or chemical pencils which were common at the time?